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Volume 11 Issue 2 (December 2017)

The Cognitive Structures of Turkish Pre-service Primary Teachers Regarding Electricity



Individuals’ knowledge construction is one of the most important areas of interest in educational research and many studies have been carried out attempting to reveal the cognitive structure of learners. The aim of this study was to identify the cognitive structures of pre-service primary teachers (PSPTs) regarding the stimulus word “electricity” through the free word association test. The data were analyzed according to the content analysis method. In addition, participants were asked to generate sentences that related the stimulus word and the sentences were analyzed taking into account the predefined categories. The study sample consisted of 35 third-grade PSPTs at a faculty of education in Turkey. The findings revealed that participants’ responses to electricity were gathered under 9 categories and the most obvious category was “circuit components”. The findings showed also that the most used words related to electricity were bulb, light, current, resistor, switch, and cell battery. It was also seen that the words and concepts used by the PSPTs related to electricity are based on knowledge at the basic level rather than advanced level.

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Tasarım: Serkan Çankaya © 2008